Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region is located on the upper reaches of Yellow River in the west of China, bordering Shaanxi Province in the east, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in the north and west and connecting Gansu Province in the south. Administering 5 prefecture-level cities, 9 districts, 2 county-level cities and 11 counties, it covers an area of 66,400 sq.km. (6,600 ha.) and has a population of 6,301,350, 64.58% of which is Han people and 34.77% Hui people.
At present, three airports namely Hedong Airport in Yinchuan, Xiangshan Airport in Zhongwei and Liupan Mountain Airport in Guyuan have been established in Ningxia providing easier and quicker access to many cities in other part of China. Baotou-Lanzhou railway and Baoji-Zhongwei railway are already in operation connecting Ningxia to cities like Lanzhou, Baoji and other big cities in China. The recently completed Taiyuan-Zhongwei-Yinchuan railway has also opened to traffic right on 11 January, 2011. Besides, 6 national highway in Ningxia and an enormous number of roads spreading within the province contribute to the development of a sound and efficient transportation network.
Ningxia has a typical semi-humid, semiarid continental climate with a long cold winter and short hot summer. Temperature differs greatly during daytime and at night with a record of 12 to 15 degree centigrade in most regions. Delicious local snacks include Yangzasui , steamed lamb, and crisp fried chicken. While visiting Ningxia, you are also endowed with the chance to take part in the celebration of the characteristic festivals of the minorities such as Id al Fitr and Corban Festival .