For tourists, Everest Base Camp has become the most popular spot in Tibet, either sightseeing, trekking or expeditions. It offers the chance to gaze on the stunning north face of the world's tallest peak, Mt. Everest. It is a lot easier to access than those on the Nepali side.
Mt. Everest, named Mount Qomolangma in Tibetan, means Mother Goddess of the Universe, is the highest peak in the world. Standing at 8848 meters, snow capped throughout the year, lies at the border between China and Nepal. Massive glaciers and seracs feature a thrilling splendor. The peak has been a holy climbing attraction for world's mountaineers. In recent years, more and more mountaineers start from the Everest Base Camp trying to conquer the world's highest peak. Around Mt.Everest, there are four peaks above 8,000 meters high, including Mt. Makarluh, Gosanthain, Zhuoyo, Shishabanma and other 14 peaks above 7,000 meters, which form an amazing picture of Mt.Everest Natural Scenery Area with jokuls, peaks groups, and mountain waves.
Road from Shegar to Ronghu
The Everest access road turns off the Friendship Hwy around 6km west of the shegar checkpoint. Around 100km drive takes about 3 hours. After passing the small village Chay, there is a winding drive up to Pang-la ( 5120m). At Pang-la pass the views here are stupendous, feature a huge sweep of the Himalaya range. Then the road descends past several photogenic villages into Dzaka Valley. Then bumps up again to Chodzom, from here the road turns south towards Rongphu. You will have the first views of Everest half an hour before you arrive at Rongphu.
Rongphu is the hightest monstery in Tibet, was established in 1902 by a Nyingmapa Lama. There were once 500 monks and nuns living here. At Rongphu Monastery, the nuns and monks use the same prayer hall but have separate residences. The monastery and its large chorten can make a great photograph with Everest thrusting its head skyward in the background. The elevation of Rongphu is 4980m.
Everest Base Camp ( E.B.C)
This is a good point to see Mt.Everest peak. It has a couple of permanent stuctures, half a dozen tea tents, a post office and clusters of tents belonging to various expeditions and several tent guesthouses belonging to the local tibetan for the tourists, but these only exist from late April to early Oct.
Clamber up the small hill festooned with prayer flags for great views of Everest peak, the wind here is always heavy. Then have your photo taken at the Base Camp marker ( A stone), it mentions the world ' Mt Qomolanga Base Camp ' instead of Everest one. The base camp is 5200m above the sea level.
A signs warn that tourists will be fined USD200 for proceeding past Base Camp without a guide at the public toliet wall.
From Rongphu heads to E.B.C, you can take a horse carriage which costs 30RMB per person round trip, or you can trek up, it usually takes 2 hours.