In fact, the splendid caves were built originally by a monk who had dreamt of thousand Buddha under showers of golden rays. Since the inspiration he got from the dream , the monk started the work on the construction of caves and spanned over 10 dynasties of the Chinese history. You may be interested in Beijing and Xinjiang Tour to know more details of Mogao Grottoes. As it was significant in ancient culture, Mogao Grottoes was listed in World Cultural Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 1987.
Mogao Grottoes as an great attraction in Dunhuang, also known as the Caves of a Thousand. There are 5 floors in all to grottoes and stretching over 1,600 m. (5, 249 ft.) from north to south. Mogao Grottoes keeps 735 well-preserved caves with 2,415 colored clay statues, over 50, 000 historical relic and 4 sq. m. (14 sq. ft.) murals. The Mogao sculptors used their chisels placed statue, relief murals and ceilings with art decors all of these created in tough rock surface. You'll surprisingly find the smallest one to be merely 2 cm. (0.79 in.) high while largest statue is 34 m. (113 ft.) high.
The artists in each dynasty with distinctive design and your guide will tell you the difference in the works in Tang Dynasty from those in Sui Dynasty (more information in Travel Through Silk Road to Exotic Nepal). Many travelers will notice style of Indian Buddhist art in earlier works, due to the Buddhist art originated from India. More recent works in Mogao Grottoes are described in the activities and all works of life in a local background. When you travel to Dunhuang to explore the 750 caves, you'll re-experience these daily observance and particular events as captured by unique artists.
A special condition for visiting Mogao Grottoes is that you can't take your camera to take photos. But actually, the eyes always gives the better view than lens of camera to appreciate this place. Travel to Dunhuang, the Autumn may be more suitable to visit and also you can choose a time you want enjoy different landscapes. Do you want to get more information, please look at: Attractions Along The Ancient Silk Road.