In the morning, drive to Turpan, an oasis city located in the southeast of Urumqi. This city was built at the lowest elevation in China. The drive takes about 3 hours, on the way you will see the largest wind power station in China.
Upon arrival, the first stop is the Gaochang Ruins, an ancient city with over 2,000 years history. Regarded as the largest ruins preserved from the Western Region, Gaochang Ruins occupies an area of 2 million sq. m. (494 ac.). Many mud buildings were collapsed after thousands of years erosion. However, you will still clearly recognize the temple, sermon house and courtyard, feel the past magnificence of this city during your visit.
Next with a visit to the Astana Tombs, a serious of underground graves situated in the Gobi desert in north of Gaochang city. Due to the hot and dry climate, thousands of precious artifacts including mummies, paintings and epigraphs remains remarkably well preserved today. Afterwards, head to the Tuyuk Valley to visit a local village, which is the oldest Uyghur settlement in Xinjiang. Enjoy a traditional Uyghur lunch here before you visit the Bezeklik Thousand Buddha Caves. As this area has undergone numerous changes of rulership, invasions and migrations, you can see lots of precious artworks created by the people from different cultures, depicting their daily life and religion.
End the tour today by visiting the Flaming Mountains, which are some barren, eroded and red sandstone hills in Tian Shan Mountain range. Thanks to the classic novel, Journey to the West, Flaming Mountains is a popular attraction all around China. Afterwards, drive back to the hotel in Turpan city and prepare for the next day.