As the main stop of the Silk Road, the mysterious Turpan city has a history spanning over 2,000 years. Apart from distinctive Turpan attractions, one special thing about Turpan is it has unusual weather. It hardly rains, while it is very sunny and dry as well as the unbelievab high temperature, sometimes reaching up to 45 degrees Celsius (113 degrees Fahrenheit). However the abundant sunshine it gives the grapes and melons an ideal environment to grow. Hence the reason the grapes from Turpan are praised as the China's best. Meanwhile due to the dry weather, you'll surprisingly see the moon during the day time. Places to see in Turpan on the second day are Gaochang Ancient City, Bezeklik Thousand Buddha Caves, Flaming Mountains and Tuyuk village. You can get more information about one of the exciting Turpan attractions in WindhorseTour's Silk Road Tours.
Gaochang Ancient City -- Known as the largest and one of best-preserved ancient city in Xinjiang, China. It played an important role in history over 1,400 years. It is one of the best places to see in Turpan and it was also a key stop on the Silk Road. The ruins are an irregular square which covering an area of about about 2 million sq. m. (about 7 million sq. ft.). The ancient city is combined with three sections: an outer city, an inner city and a palace city. In ancient times, Gaochang ancient city was destroyed by war that most of its constructions were ruined and only few well-preserved sites remains. As travelers visit here, Gaochang ancient city is becoming popular for sightseeing site for archeology lovers and it is one of the great Turpan attractions. To know more about this place please look at: Xinjiang Photography Tour.
Bezeklik Thousand Buddha Caves -- Located in the middle section of Flaming Mountain, it has a history more than 1,500 years. The oldest caves were created in 5th century A.D. and newest were carved in 14th century. Until now, 57 caves in total exist and among them over 40 murals. The complex and exquisite murals are combination with Buddhist background, culture and art style of this area as well as the relationship between ancient China and West. You'll through these murals artistic style learn about something of the nature of ancient society. Bezeklik Thousand Buddha Caves is one the top Turpan attractions and places to see in Turpan. Know more about Xinjiang attractions at: Best Xinjiang 7 Day Tour.
Flaming Mountains -- Another one of the amazing Turpan attractions is the Flaming Mountains. Thanks to the famous novel The Journey to the West which shows the Flaming Mountains reputation and has become very popular for travelers. Legend says that the Monkey King made troubles in Heaven was kicked off the stove and Charcoals fall from the sky to where the Flaming Mountain now lies. All the mountains are red, there are hardly any plants and creatures but barren and it is extremely hot in Summer. When you approach the mountain, you'll feel the soles of shoes become more hot.
There are many more places to see in Turpan. Like the Tuyuk Village, which is the oldest village in Xinjiang Uighur that has over 2,000 years of history. The village is known to be an old pilgrimage site for Muslims. Streets and houses in there is very dry and quaint. All the houses in Tuyuk Village are made by the clay. Part of the Turpan attractions is that it's a great chance to visit local family and experience rural life in Tuyuk Village. You'll also have the chance to see the how's the local people use Karze Well and the wonderful water system when you visit Turpan.